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Nile —Longest River on Earth

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Nile —Longest River on Earth

Continent: Africa
Countries it flows through: Uganda, Ethiopia, Sudan, Burundi, Egypt
Length: Approx  6,690 kilometers ( 4,157 miles)
Mouth: Egypt into the Mediterranean Sea
Source: Lake Victoria

1- The River Nile is in Africa. It originates in Burundi, south of the equator, and flows northward through northeastern Africa, eventually flowing through Egypt and finally draining into the Mediterranean Sea.

2- Nile is the longest river on Earth! It is 4,157 miles (6,690 km) long.

3- The Nile and its tributaries flow though nine countries. 
a) The White Nile flows though Uganda, Sudan, and Egypt. 
b) The Blue Nile starts in Ethiopia. Zaire, Kenya, Tanzanian, Rwanda, and Burundi all have tributaries, which flow into the Nile or into lake Victoria Nyanes.

4- The Nile gets its name from the Greek word "Nelios", meaning River Valley.

5- Unlike most other rivers, The Nile River flows north as opposed to flowing south.

6- The Nile River has huge significance in regards to Ancient Egypt. Most of Ancient Egypt’s historical sites are located along the banks of the Nile River including cities such as Luxor and Cairo.

7- In 2004, the White Nile Expedition became the first to navigate the entire length of the Nile River. The expedition began in Uganda and finished in Rosetta, taking four months and two weeks to complete.

8- The Nile Delta in Northern Egypt is where the Nile River drains in to the Mediterranean Sea. It is around 160 kilometres (100 miles) in length and spreads out over 240 kilometres (149 miles) of coastline. It is rich in agriculture and has been farmed for thousands of years.

9- Around 40 million people (half of Egypt’s population) live in the Nile Delta region.

10- In 1787, the famous Rosetta stone was found in the Nile Delta in the city of Rosetta. This Ancient Egyptian artifact played a key role in modern understanding of Egyptian hieroglyphics.

11- The Aswan High Dam(first dam built on the Nile) was built in 1970 to help regulate flooding of the Nile River. Before the Aswan Dam was built, years that featured high levels of water could wipe out crops while years of low level water could produce famines and drought. The dam helps control these water levels.

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