Rip Van Winkle
1- Washington Irving's ‘‘Rip Van Winkle’’ is one of the best-known short stories in American literature.
2- The character of Rip Van Winkle, the man who sleeps for twenty years and awakens to a greatly changed world and a long beard, is one of the best-known characters in American popular culture, widely recognized through his many appearances and references in books, movies, cartoons, and advertisements.
3- The story was first published in 1819 in a collection called The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.
4- ‘‘Rip Van Winkle’’ is based on German folk tales that Irving learned about through a lifetime of reading and years of travel in Europe.
5- One of his goals was to give the United States, a new country, some of the same feeling of tradition that older nations had because of their traditional lore.
6- In a humorous context, ‘‘Rip Van Winkle’’ deals with issues of politics, as he shows how the American Revolution changed one small village, and gender issues, as he shows the comical relationship between a lazy husband and a bad-tempered wife.